Anthropogenic climate change is largely contributed to the release of greenhouse gas emissions from human industrialization. Carbon Dioxide (CO2) is one of the biggest contributors and enters the Earth’s atmoshpere via the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, natural gas, and oil.

We have the technologies today to supply the world with clean non-carbon energy but unfortunately not the collective or political will-power to fully implement such changes.

The CRUNCH research aims to help municiplaties and communities make decisions to get to net-zero carbon emissions.

Image: Scenario of the role of negative emissions technologies in reaching net zero emissions. NOTE: For any concentration and type of greenhouse gas (e.g. methane, perfluorocarbons, and nitrous oxide) CO2e signifies the concentration of CO2 which would have the same amount of radiative forcing.

The National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine “Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration”


Resilience: Meaningless Jargon or Development solutions?

Donors, recipient governments and implementing agencies are selling ‘resilience’ to the public without a clear definition or a money-back guarantee

Read more about it here.


Measuring Resilience: A Concept Note on the Resilience Tool

The resilience tool provides a framework for understanding the most effective combination of short and long term strategies for lifting families out of cycles of poverty and hunger. It is based on the principle that the factors that make households resilient to food security shocks must first be understood, and then strengthened.



NOAA ESRL Global Monitoring Division – Earth System Research Laboratory
2014 National Climate AssesmentObserved Change in Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide – CO2 & the Atmosphere

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